Transnational Circulation/Proliferation



1. John Krige “The Proliferation Risks of Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Technology at the Dawn of the NPT: Shedding Light on the Negotiating History,” The Nonproliferation Review, 19:2 (2012), 219-227, followed by an exchange with Christopher Ford, Nonproliferation Review, 19:3 (2012), 352-355.

This paper won the 2012 Doreeen and Jim McElvany Nonproliferation Challenge at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterrey Institute of International Studies. The argument throws light on current debates about Iran’s ‘sovereign right’ to enrich uranium. It criticizes Christopher Ford’s influential reading of the negotiating history of the NPT. The article was chosen to represent the profile of the journal for the year 2012 in a special number celebrating its first 20 years of activity. For a pdf click here

2. John Krige, “Technological Collaboration and Nuclear Proliferation: A Transnational Approach,” in Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes and Ruth Knoblich, eds, The Global Politics of Science and Technology. Vol. 1. Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines (Heidelberg: Springer, 2014), pp. 227-241.

Argues that Scott Sagan’s famous model of why states get nuclear weapons needs to be extended to include a transnational perspective. The strategic choices that states make are also influenced by their capacity to share/deny (have access to/be excluded from) the weapons-relevant knowledge systems of others. Illustrated with potted histories re the UK, France and the FRG. For a draft pdf click here

3. John Krige, “Embedding the National in the Global: US-French Relationships in Space Science and Rocketry in the 1960s,” in Naomi Oreskes and John Krige, eds, Science and Technology in the Global Cold War , (MIT Press, 2014). 237-250.

Shows how the US both facilitated and constrained the French space program in the 1960s by standardizing scientific and managerial practices (so ‘Americanizing’ young French engineers) and by regulating knowledge flows in rocketry. Emphasizes that global networks are human constructs shaped, in part, by the foreign policies of governments. For an uncorrected proof click here

4. John Krige, “The Ford Foundation, Physics and the National Security State. A Study in the Transnational Circulation of Knowledge,” in John Krige and Helke Rausch, eds, American Foundations and the Coproduction of World Order in the Twentieth Century (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2012), 189-209.

Develops a model of circulation that emphasizes the intersection of national research agendas and allegiances in the transnational space of the encounter. For a pdf click here

5. John Krige, “Building the Arsenal of Knowledge,” Centaurus (2010), 52, 280-296.

Hegemony involves a two-way flow of knowledge in an asymmetric field of force.

See also papers on the Gas Centrifuge in BJHS, Humana.mente and the International History Review